House of Commons Library

Successful Private Members' Bills since 1983

Published Wednesday, July 5, 2017

Private Members' bills introduced since 1983 that have received Royal Assent.

Jump to full report >>

This list notes the titles and sponsoring Member of successful Commons and Lords private Members' bills (PMBs) since the 1983 general election.

PMBs in the House of Commons

Parliamentary business is governed by the Standing Orders (SOs) of the House of Commons: Public Business 2017. There are three ways a backbencher can introduce a bill in the Commons:

  • By ballot – SO No 14 (9) (10) (11)
  • 10 Minute Rule – SO No 23
  • Ordinary Presentation – SO No 57

Procedure for PMBs

Government business has precedence in Parliament and the majority of bills considered by both Houses are Government bills. With limited time available for the consideration of PMBs, generally only bills with Government and cross-party support are successful.

The time allocated for PMBs in the Commons is provided by SO No.14 (9) which governs the arrangement and timing of public and private business:

  • Private Members’ bills shall have precedence over government business on thirteen Fridays in each session to be appointed by the House.
  • For more information on procedure for public bills in Parliament, including the various types of PMBs, see the Commons Library briefing on Public Bills in Parliament.

PMBs in the House of Lords

Peers can also present private members bills in the House of Lords and, since 2015, there is also a ballot to determine order of introduction. If a bill completes its passage through the House of Lords, it requires a Member of the House of Commons to sponsor it in the Commons. Procedure in the House of Lords is governed by Standing Orders of the House of Lords Relating to Public Business. The Companion to the Standing Orders and Guide to the Proceedings of the House of Lords states that:

  1. There is no procedural distinction between bills sponsored by a minister and those introduced by other members of the House, save in respect of carry-over and human rights statements. In practice the House normally accords priority to proceedings on government bills except where private members' bills are not expected to give rise to debate. But there is no concept of government or private members' "time" in the Lords, nor any specific time when government or private members' bills are taken.

Statistics on private Members’ bills

The number of private Members’ bills introduced in both Houses and given Royal Assent in each Parliament since 1997 is given in the Commons Library briefing on the Number of bill introduced and gaining Royal Assent since 1997.

The list of Ballot Bills in the Commons since 1997 notes the results of the Commons Members Bills Ballot and their subsequent progress.


Pease send any comments or corrections to: Parliamentary Information Lists Editor, Parliament and Constitution Centre, House of Commons, London SW1A 0AA. Suggestions for new lists welcomed.

Commons Briefing papers SN04568

Author: Sarah Priddy

Topics: Legislative process, Parliament

Share this page

Stay up to date

  • Subscribe to RSS feed Subscribe to Email alerts Commons Briefing papers

House of Commons Library

The House of Commons Library provides research, analysis and information services for MPs and their staff.