House of Commons Library

Registration of stillbirth

Published Wednesday, October 4, 2017

This Commons Library briefing paper deals with the registration of stillbirths across the UK. When a baby is stillborn (born dead) after 24 weeks pregnancy, the birth must be registered. However, there is no provision to allow the registration of stillbirths before the 24th week of pregnancy. There have been calls for the law to be changed.

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Registration of birth and subsequent death of baby born alive

The birth of a baby who is born alive must be registered, whatever the length of the completed pregnancy.   The death of a baby born alive must be registered in the same way as any other death.

Registration of stillbirth after 24 weeks pregnancy

When a baby is stillborn (born dead) after 24 weeks pregnancy, the stillbirth must be registered in the stillbirth register. The process for registering a stillbirth combines features of both birth and death registration.

Stillbirth before 24th week of pregnancy

There is no provision to allow the registration of stillbirths before the 24th week of pregnancy.

The charity Sands (Stillbirth and Neonatal Death charity) provides forms of certificate that health care staff may use or adapt for a baby stillborn before 24 weeks pregnancy.

Government has no plans to change position

On a number of occasions, the Government has indicated that it has no plans to change the definition of stillbirth, which is based on clinical evidence and the age of viability.

Calls for change

Private Member’s Bills

In January 2014, Tim Loughton (Conservative) introduced a Private Members’ Bill, intended to enable registration of a baby stillborn before the threshold of 24 weeks. The definition of stillbirth was to be based on the experience of giving birth.  The Bill did not progress any further.  

In July 2017, having come fifth in the Private Members’ Bill ballot which took place in June 2017, Tim Loughton introduced the Civil Partnerships, Marriages and Deaths (Registration Etc.) Bill 2017-19. Among other things, this Bill would make provision about the registration of stillbirth.  The Bill is being prepared for publication and is due to have its second reading on 2 February 2018.

Parliamentary debate

Tim Loughton has also raised the issue of registration of stillbirth before 24 weeks of pregnancy in other Parliamentary debates, speaking of the arbitrary nature of the 24 week threshold. He highlighted one particular case where twins had been stillborn either side of the threshold and were treated differently for registration purposes.

Petitions

There have been a number of petitions calling for the law to be changed, to allow the registration of a stillbirth before the 24th week of pregnancy.

 

Commons Briefing papers SN05595

Author: Catherine Fairbairn

Topic: Registration of births, deaths and marriages

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