UK research and development expenditure with regional breakdown and international comparisons.Jump to full report >>
In 2015 the UK’s gross domestic expenditure on research & development (GERD) was, in £31.6 billion. This was an increase of 4% compared to 2014.
In constant prices, adjusted for inflation, R&D expenditure has increased by 58% from the 1990 estimate of £21.1 billion.
GERD fell slightly as a percentage of GDP from 1990-2015. In 2015 GERD was 1.68% of GDP, an increase from 1.66% in 2014.
The business sector accounted for £19.9 billion of expenditure (current prices) in 2014, or 65% of total GERD. Higher education accounted for 26%, government & research councils for 7% and private non-profit for 2%.
The business sector accounted for £20.9 billion of expenditure (current prices) in 2015, or 66% of total GERD. Higher education accounted for 25%and private non-profit for 2%.
Internationally, UK GERD as a percentage of GDP was ranked 19th below EU28 (1.96%), OECD (2.38%) (Excluding countries with missing data).