This Commons Library briefing paper analyses data on employment in the UK by country of birth and nationality. The briefing compares data from 1997 to 2017 and explains how figures for employment by nationality can differ to those for employment by country of birth.Jump to full report >>
The number of people in employment who were born in the UK increased over the past year by 146,000 to 26.4 million in Q3 2017. This represented 82.2% of all people in employment in the UK.
The number of people in employment who were born outside the UK increased over the past year by 132,000 to 5.7 million in Q3 2017.
Since 1997, the percentage of people working in the UK who were born in other countries, has increased from 7.5% to 17.8%.
There were 28.5 million UK nationals aged 16 and over employed in the UK at Q3 2017, up 183,000 on a year ago.
The number of non-UK nationals working in the UK increased over the past year by 89,000 to 3.6 million. This compares to 986,000 non-UK nationals working in the UK in Q3 1997.
Commons Briefing papers SN07056
Author: Jennifer Brown