House of Commons Library

High Speed 2 (HS2) Phase 2a

Published Friday, January 19, 2018

This paper summarises Phase 2a of the proposed new high speed rail line between London and the North of England (HS2). It gives a brief overview of the scheme, its costs, compensation arrangements and the Bill which will give statutory and planning authority for the construction of the scheme.

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HS2 is a proposed infrastructure project to build a high speed rail line from London to Manchester and Leeds, via Birmingham, to begin operation in 2026 and be completed in 2033. It was supported by the Labour Government after 2009 and has had the support of the Conservatives in government since May 2010.

HS2 will be delivered in three phases:

  • Phase 1 from London Euston to Birmingham Curzon Street and Lichfield with intermediate stations in West London (at Old Oak Common) and at Birmingham Airport;
  • Phase 2a from the West Midlands to Crewe; and
  • Phase 2b comprising an eastern leg from the West Midlands to Leeds New Lane with intermediate stations in the East Midlands and South Yorkshire; and a western leg from Crewe to Manchester with an intermediate station at Manchester Airport.

In total, the scheme is estimated to cost £55.7 billion in 2015 prices (including rolling stock).

Despite enjoying widespread support across all parties in Parliament the scheme remains controversial outside, with disagreements regarding the economic and environmental cases for the scheme. Many of those who will be directly affected by the construction of the route are concerned for the future.

This paper deals with Phase 2a of the HS2 scheme to Crewe. The Government announced its preferred route in November 2015. It has launched compensation schemes and safeguarded the route. The hybrid bill to authorise the works for Phase 2a was published on 17 July 2017. It is scheduled to receive Second Reading in the House of Commons on 30 January 2018.

Information on Phase 1 and Phase 2b of HS2 can be found in HC Library briefing papers CBP 316 and CBP 8071, respectively.

General background information on the HS2 scheme can be found in RP11/75.

Maps showing the Parliamentary constituencies through which HS2 runs can be found attached to the landing page for this paper.

A guide to the (recently revised) hybrid bill process can be found in HC Library briefing paper CBP 6736.

Further briefings are available on the Railways Topical Page of the Parliament website.


Commons Briefing papers SN07082

Author: Louise Butcher

Topic: Railways

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